Barracks: The History Behind Those Names (Part 3)

 In the last two installments, we discussed the history behind the names of those US Army and Air Force Bases and Barracks specifically named after individuals.  It is important, though, to note that there are many others that are geographically or otherwise named.  In the USAF abroad these include Aviano Air Base in Italy, Incirlik Air Base, Turkey, Lakenheath and Mildenhall RAF Bases in the UK etc.  In the USAF on the continental US they include Little Rock Air Base Arkansas, Los Angeles Air Base California, Columbus Air Base Mississippi, Grand Forks and Minot Air Bases in North Dakota, Charleston Air Base in South Carolina etc.  In the US Army they include Aberdeen Proving Ground Maryland, White Sands Missile Range New Mexico, etc.

This week we shall discuss US Naval and Marine Barracks and Bases

.As I observed before, most US Naval Bases in the continental US and abroad are geographically and technically named – meaning their names reflect what they do and where they are located. It is US Naval Ships that tend to be named after individuals and States.

Examples of geographically named bases abroad include Bahrain, Chinhae, Sasebo, Atsugi, Diego Garcia, Keflavik, Sigonella, Guantanamo Bay,  Rota, Gaeta, La Maddalena, Naples and Yokosuka.

On the continental US, bases that are either technically named or rarely named in honor of individuals include:

CALIFORNIA
PACIFIC FLEET ANTISUBMARINE WARFARE TRAINING CENTER
PACIFIC FLEET COMBAT TRAINING CENTER
POINT MUGU NAVAL AIR WEAPONS
HUENEME NAVAL CONSTRUCTION BATTALION CENTER
SAN DIEGO NAVAL MEDICAL CENTER
SAN DIEGO NAVAL SUBMARINE BASE
SAN DIEGO NAVAL STATION 
SANTA CLARA NAVAL AIR RESERVE
MIRAMAR NAVAL AIR STATION
MONTEREY NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL
NORTH ISLAND NAVAL AIR STATION
CORONADO NAVAL AMPHIBIOUS BASE
EL CENTRO NAVAL AIR FACILITY

CHINA LAKE NAVAL AIR WEAPONS STATION was named after a large dry lakebed nearby.  The Lake itself is named for Chinese mine laborers who worked in the area during the 1880s. 

The LEMOORE NAVAL AIR STATION contains Reeves Field, which is named after Admiral Joseph M. “Bull” Reeves. He served on the USS OREGON during operations against Admiral Cervera’s fleet in Santiago Harbor in 1898. During World War I, he was Commanding Officer of the battleship USS MAINE and was awarded the Navy Cross. Between the World Wars he commanded the USS KANSAS, PITTSBURGH and NORTH DAKOTA.  At the age of 52 he volunteered to become a Naval Aviator.   He later became Commander Aircraft Squadron, Battle Fleet, served on the experimental aircraft carrier, USS LANGLEY and developed revolutionary Fleet Air Tactics. He retired in 1936 but was recalled for the Second World War during which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.  He eventually retired with numerous citations at age 74 in 1946 as an Admiral and died two years later.  The foresight and strategic genius of Admiral Reeves and Rear Admiral William Moffett is said to be the basis for modern US carrier striking forces.

CONNECTICUT

NEW LONDON NAVAL SUBMARINE BASE

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
NAVAL SECURITY STATION
WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON NAVAL STATION
DAHLGREN NAVAL SURFACE WARFARE CENTER
FLORIDA

 CECIL FIELD NAVAL AIR STATION
JACKSONVILLE NAVAL AIR STATION
KEY WEST NAVAL AIR STATION
MAYPORT NAVAL STATION
ORLANDO NAVAL TRAINING CENTER
PANAMA CITY COASTAL SYSTEMS STATION
PENSACOLA NAVAL AIR STATION
PENSACOLA NAVAL HOSPITAL 

CORRY STATION is named after Lieutenant Commander William M. Corry, past winner of a Medal of Honor.  He died as the result of serious burns acquired while attempting to rescue a fellow officer from a burning aircraft which had crashed. He was a naval aviation pioneer and was among the first to receive Navy “Wings of Gold.”

 WHITING FIELD NAVAL AIR STATION was named after Captain Kenneth Whiting, a pioneer military aviator originally taught by Orville Wright himself. 

GEORGIA 

ATLANTA NAVAL AIR STATION
KINGS BAY NAVAL SUBMARINE BASE

 HAWAII 

PEARL HARBOR NAVAL COMPLEX was named for the English translation of “wai momi”, an ancient Hawaiian name for the area.  “Wai momi” refers to the pearl oysters which used to be very common there. 

EASTERN PACIFIC NAVAL COMPUTER TELECOMMUNICATIONS AREA MASTER STATION 

 ILLINOIS 

GREAT LAKES NAVAL TRAINING CENTER 

LOUISIANA 

NEW ORLEANS NAVAL AIR STATION AND JOINT RESERVE BASE is also known as Callender Field. It was named after Alvin Andrew Callender, an indigene and WW1 hero who died in combat as a Royal Air Force Pilot less than two weeks to the end of World War I.  At age 25, he already had 14 official and 10 probable ‘kills’ of enemy aircraft – even though he originally graduated as an Architect. 

NEW ORLEANS NAVAL SUPPORT ACTIVITY 

MARYLAND 

ANNAPOLIS NAVAL STATION
BETHESDA NATIONAL NAVAL MEDICAL CENTER
PATUXENT RIVER NAVAL AIR STATION
U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY 

MAINE 

BRUNSWICK NAVAL AIR STATION 

MISSISSIPPI 

GULFPORT NAVAL CONSTRUCTION BATTALION CENTER
MERIDIAN NAVAL AIR STATION
PASCAGOULA NAVAL STATION 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

PORTSMOUTH NAVAL SHIPYARD 

NEW JERSEY

EARLE NAVAL WEAPONS STATION
LAKEHURST NAVAL AIR ENGINEERING STATION 

NEVADA 

FALLON NAVAL AIR STATION 

NEW YORK 

SCOTIA NAVAL ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT 

PENNSYLVANIA 

WILLOW GROVE NAVAL AIR STATION AND JOINT RESERVE BASE is named after the nearest Post Office – the traditional method for naming Naval Air Stations

 RHODE ISLAND 

NEWPORT NAVAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING CENTER 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

BEAUFORT NAVAL HOSPITAL
CHARLESTON NAVAL HOSPITAL
 
TENNESSEE 

MEMPHIS NAVAL SUPPORT ACTIVITY 

TEXAS 

CORPUS CHRISTI NAVAL AIR STATION
DALLAS NAVAL AIR STATION
FORT WORTH NAVAL AIR STATION AND JOINT RESERVE BASE
INGLESIDE NAVAL STATIONKINGSVILLE NAVAL AIR STATION 

VIRGINIA

 DAM NECK FLEET COMBAT TRAINING CENTER, ATLANTIC
LITTLE CREEK NAVAL AMPHIBIOUS BASE
NORFOLK NAVAL SHIPYARD
NORFOLK NAVAL BASE
NORTHWEST NAVAL SECURITY GROUP ACTIVITY
OCEANA NAVAL AIR STATION
PORTSMOUTH NAVAL MEDICAL CENTER
YORKTOWN NAVAL WEAPONS STATION 

WASHINGTON 

BANGOR NAVAL SUBMARINE BASE
BREMERTON NAVAL HOSPITAL
EVERETT NAVAL STATION
PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD
WHIDBEY ISLAND NAVAL AIR STATION
_______________
US MARINES
_______________ 

ARIZONA 
YUMA MARINE CORPS AIR STATION 

CALIFORNIA BARSTOW MARINE CORPS LOGISTICS BASE
SAN DIEGO MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOT
TWENTYNINE PALMS MARINE CORPS AIR-GROUND COMBAT CENTER 

CAMP PENDLETON is named after Maj. Gen. Joseph Pendleton the soldier who initiated Marine Corps activities in San Diego 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 

MARINE BARRACKS 

GEORGIA 

ALBANY MARINE CORPS LOGISTICS BASE 

HAWAII 

CAMP SMITH was named after WW2 Lt. General Holland M. “Howling’ Mad” Smith, U.S. ground forces commander at Iwo Jima and first Commanding General of the Fleet Marine Forces Pacific. 

KANEOHE BAY MARINE CORPS BASE 

NORTH CAROLINA 

CHERRY POINT MARINE CORPS AIR STATION
NEW RIVER MARINE CORPS AIR STATION 

CAMP LEJEUNE was named after General John Archer Lejeune.  Lejeune, a one time superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute, was the first Marine officer to command an Army division in combat. He later became the 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps and is credited with making scarlet and gold the Marine Corps colors.    

SOUTH CAROLINA 

BEAUFORT MARINE CORPS AIR STATION
PARRIS ISLAND MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOT 

VIRGINIA

 HENDERSON HALL 

QUANTICO MARINE CORPS COMBAT DEVELOPMENT COMMAND was named after an Indian word “Quantico” meaning “by the large stream”.  The so called “stream” in this case is the Potomac River.

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